Full Dentures - Full dentures are given to the patient who has lost all the teeth, for making the full dentures the impressions of the patient’s jaw is taken to make the mould which is the true replica of the patient’s mouth. On these mould the denture is constructed taking different measurements. Then the dentist takes the trial to see whether the dentures giving natural appearance or not after the patient’s consent the denture is finalized and is given to the patient. The full dentures use the support from the jaw bones. In the full dentures the base of the denture is made of acrylic and the teeth are either of acrylic or porcelain, depending upon the patient’s choice and the status of the patient. The denture with the porcelain teeth becomes more expensive than the dentures with the acrylic teeth. Nowadays with so many new techniques and materials it is possible to reproduce the natural appearance of the patient and nobody can differentiate between the natural teeth and the artificial dentures.
Normally after the extractions the patient is advised to wait for one to two months. But if patient cannot wait even for a day then the immediate dentures are given. The immediate dentures not only restores the facial profile immediately but also helps in the healing of the extraction socket. The immediate dentures act like a band aid and the socket does not come in contact with the food particles and does not get infected.
As the name implies these dentures are partial means these dentures are given when the tooth loss is not complete. Few teeth are extracted and few are left in the mouth. The partial dentures are given to replace the few lost teeth.
Types of removable partial dentures
These are Cast Metal Partial Dentures and Acrylic Dentures
1. Cast Metal Partial Dentures
They are the best partial dentures. They are stronger, less bulky and offer best fit but they are expensive. In this there is cast metal frame work on which the acrylic teeth are attached.
2. Acrylic Partial Dentures
These are the most economical partial dentures. In this the base is acrylic on which the acrylic teeth are attached. They get retention from the adjacent teeth with small metal clasps.
Removable Partial Dentures
What happens if the lost teeth are not replaced?
If the lost teeth are not replaced the patient faces lots of problems depending upon which teeth are lost. If the teeth which are lost are the front teeth then there is the problem of esthetics along with the speech. If the teeth which are lost are back teeth then patient has the problem of chewing the food and the sagging of cheeks takes place. Along with this the teeth which are present are also effected. So after the loss of the teeth it becomes mandatory to replace them.
How the teeth are replaced?
Now the question arises that how the missing teeth can be replaced. For this we have different options. First the patient has to decide whether he wants to go for fixed or the removable type. The fixed option for the replacement of teeth is very expensive as compared to the removable option. If the patient opts for fixed replacements then the option for him are either crown and bridge or implants. If the patient decides for removable partial dentures then the option are acrylic partial dentures or the cast metal prtial dentures.