Periodontal disease refers to a more aggravated version of gingivitis. This is characterized by dental holes that can be found in the gums caused by tartar and other more aggressive bacteria that harm the dental health of the patient. Poor oral hygiene coupled with irregular visits to the dentist as well as absence of dental care may cause the bacteria to grow and metastasize to the periodontal membrane thus causing periodontal disease. To be able to treat this condition, you must take the following steps in order to combat the said condition.
Non-invasive therapy can help treat the disease especially if it has been diagnosed in the earlier stages.
Scaling is one form of non-invasive therapy where in the surface of the gums as well as the spaces in between and under will be cleaned out of tartar. This will rejuvenate the gums to its former health.
2. Root planning
The next step is to undergo root planning. This is done after the dentist has cleaned out all the plaque and bacteria in your mouth. A systematic cleaning of the adjacent area is now performed. This is to allow healthy growth of gums for recovery and to remove all excess bacteria within the mouth.
3. Dental Medication
It is also recommended that you take some form of dental medication to supplement the procedures that you have to undergo in order to cure the periodontal disease. An example of medications that you should take is the enzyme suppressant that will control your enzyme production in order to protect your gums from unwanted bacterial invasion. These medications could also include a mouth rinse, or a antibiotic.
Consider surgical options. You should consider surgical options if the diagnosis points to the fact that the receding of your gum line exceeds five millimeters. Ask your dentist about the best way to go in terms of surgery.
1. Soft/Connective Tissue Grafting
This is done if the gum line recedes excessively so much so that your teeth already a fierce longer than normal. The dentist or periodontist will have to implant soft tissue to facilitate the growth of the gum line. A soft tissue graft can reduce further recession and bone loss.
2. Bone Grafting
A Bone Grafting procedure is also needed if the bacteria caused by periodontal disease reaches the bones’ and damages it further. Bone grafting is the process of rebuilding bones using organic or synthetic sources. Organic meaning it comes from the patient’s own structure. The latter means that it comes from external sources such as animals.
As a last step, it is recommended that the patient does his best to take care of his dental hygiene right in this own home. Brushing your teeth regularly and using toothpaste that is high in fluoride as well as antimicrobial mouthwash is strongly recommended in order to prevent the growth of bacteria within the oral cavity.
Maintaining good oral hygiene is truly important when it comes to preventing dental diseases such as the periodontal disease. It is our duty and responsibility to take care of our dental health so that we will not have interpersonal relationships problems in the future.