A Dental bridge may be recommended if you're missing one or more teeth. Gaps left by missing teeth eventually cause the remaining teeth to rotate or shift into the empty spaces, resulting in a bad bite. The imbalance caused by missing teeth can also lead to gum disease and Temporomandibular joint disorders.
Dental Bridges are commonly used to replace one or more missing teeth. They span the space where the teeth are missing. Bridges are cemented to the natural teeth or Dental implants surrounding the empty space. These teeth, called abutments, serve as anchors for the bridge. A replacement tooth, called a pontic, is attached to the crowns that cover the abutments. As with crowns, you have a choice of materials for bridges. Your dentist can help you decide which to use, based on the location of the missing tooth (or teeth), its function, aesthetic considerations and cost. Porcelain or ceramic bridges can be matched to the color of your natural teeth.
There are three different types of Dental bridges. Although all serve the same purpose of bridging the gap between teeth where a tooth is missing, the condition of a patient’s existing teeth will largely determine which sort of bridge will best suit him or her.
1. Traditional bridge
In traditional bridge the pontic (false tooth) is attached to the support giving teeth called as abutment teeth. The surrounding natural teeth usually have to be contoured and reduced in size a bit to make space for the crown and bridge. It is the most common type of bridge.
2. Cantilever bridge
The other type is cantilever which is given when the missing tooth which has to be replaced is the last tooth and support giving teeth that are the abutment teeth are only on one side.
3. Maryland Bridge
There is another one which is called as the Maryland Bridge –this type of bridges are recommended when the front and back teeth of the missing tooth are healthy. In this the metallic band hidden from view binds the pontic to the abutment teeth. This bridge is also known as a resin bonded bridge,
Before investing in any kind of bridge, discuss with your dentist about which type will give you the longest lasting and most natural result and fit best with the rest of your teeth.
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