Gum diseases do not just mean short term bleeding or irritation, they can even lead to loss of teeth. It’s very important to detect gum diseases very early for their proper diagnosis and treatment. Gum diseases generally start with bacterial infection, which aggresses the gums, and even the ligaments and bones that bear the teeth and embrace them in jaw. If the gum diseases are caught and detected earlier, then the treatment is generally painless. And for that, you require customary dental check-ups, else you might not know that you are actually having a dental problem until your teeth and gums become gravely spoiled and tooth loss becomes inevitable.

Teeth with gum disease or Periodontal disease   teeth with Periodontal disease.

Gum diseases are also called periodontal diseases, and more common periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis, which are grave dental illnesses and can even lead to tooth loss. The literal meaning of the word Periodontal is ‘around the tooth’. Periodontal illness can involve many teeth or just one tooth. It initiates when the bacteria present in the plaque makes the gums to get inflamed. Plaque is the colorless, sticky layer that continually appears on your teeth.



Gingivitis is the gentlest kind of periodontal disease. This disease makes the gums turn red, and they swell up and bleed. There is typically no uneasiness at this point. Gingivitis is frequently caused by insufficient oral hygiene. It can be cured with good oral care and professional treatment.



If you don’t treat your gingivitis, it can take the form of periodontitis. Over the time, plaque can increase and cultivate below the gums. Bacteria in plaque produce some toxins that lead to irritation in the gums. These toxins arouse a persistent inflammatory reaction and the body turns against itself, and the bones and tissues supporting the teeth, break down and get destroyed. Gums get detached from teeth, making spaces between gums and teeth, which get infected. As this disease spreads, these pockets or gaps get deeper and more tissues of gums and bones are torn down. Frequently, this whole process does not have strong symptoms. Ultimately, teeth may become free and might be required to be removed.

Signs of Gums Disease

To prevent gum diseases and to maintain excellent oral health, you should visit your dentist for the following reasons: 

  1. When your gums begin to bleed
  2. When your gums swell up
  3. If you develop a bad smell in your mouth, or get a bad taste
  4. When your gums become pale or red
  5. If your teeth start paining
  6. If your teeth get loose in the sockets

To prevent gum diseases, you should take proper care of your oral hygiene. Here are some tips to improve your oral hygiene.  

  1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day. Be sure to brush in the up and down direction instead of side-to-side direction.
  2. Change your toothbrush every 3 months.
  3. You can also use mouthwash for extra protection. Mouthwash eliminates the bacteria in your mouth.
  4. Avoid sweets. Sweets are bad for your teeth.
  5. Try to use toothpaste that contains fluoride.

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