Everyone wants shiny pearly white teeth with no blemishes. Your smile is an important part of your personality and you don’t want any stains on your smile. Unfortunately, many people suffer from tooth discoloration, or teeth blemishes. These tooth discolorations can be of two types:

Extrinsic Tooth Discoloration: Extrinsic tooth discoloration is caused by the substances that we consume regularly. If we consume foodstuffs that are not healthy for our teeth, it might lead to extrinsic tooth discoloration.

Intrinsic Tooth Discoloration: Intrinsic tooth discoloration is caused by our body conditions, which may lead to some chemicals that harm our teeth.

There are some factors that lead to tooth discoloration in adults and even children.

Small Defects in Enamel: Sometimes there may be some tiny defects in teeth enamel that allows bad substances to accumulate on the teeth surface.

Inadequate Saliva Formation: Saliva helps us in digesting food, and it also helps to dissolve the extra food particles remaining in the mouth after eating, thereby reducing plaque formation. Sometimes our body produces less saliva due to some conditions, like infection and hindrance in the mouth. Some diseases, or some kind of medication, or radiation effects on the head and neck can further cause this.

Poor Oral Hygiene: You should always keep good oral hygiene by regularly brushing and flossing your teeth, and cleaning your tongue. You should brush your teeth at least twice everyday. If you don’t clean your teeth regularly, it would leave the food particles in your mouth, causing the plaque to grow, leading to the formation of tartar. All these are bad for oral health and cause the formation of brown or black stains and tooth blemishes.

When we talk about extrinsic tooth discoloration, we discuss the things that we regularly consume that have a bad effect on our oral health. Some of these things are:

Tea, Coffee, Soda or Red Wine: You should avoid all these foods as these cause tooth staining.
Tobacco Or Tobacco Products: If you smoke, or chew tobacco, you should immediately give it up. These things have more adverse effects on your body, than just oral illness.

Certain Medications: There are some medications that are given to you, which can also cause tooth discoloration like iron syrups and some mouthwashes which contain chlorhexidine.

This was about extrinsic discoloration. Some people avoid all these products and still suffer from tooth discoloration. This type of discoloration is called Intrinsic Discoloration and is caused by internal factors relating to our body. If the tooth becomes dead due to some infection or trauma even then the toot becomes discolored. This is also called as internal staining. Internal staining can also be caused if the tetracycline is consumed during the formation of the tooth.

Children might suffer from injuries to their teeth, while playing, and this might lead to disruption to the formation of the enamel. Subsequently, the enamel might have uneven thickness at different places. Dentin is a layer below the enamel, and is of yellow color. Dentin can show through, if the enamel is thin at some places. This might look like tooth stains. This problem can be the result of childhood injuries. Some infections in pregnant mother can also lead to uneven enamel formation in children.
Another intrinsic factor for tooth discoloration is Fluorosis. Too much fluoride in your body causes this disease. Some causes for too much fluoride are:

  1. Fluoride supplements
  2. Vitamin supplements that contain fluoride
  3. Market bought beverages
  4. Excessive fluoride in water supply
  5. Fluoride in toothpastes, or mouthwashes
  6. Any kind of food that is made from fluoridated water

If the Fluorosis is in mild condition, you will notice flat white lines appearing on your tooth enamel. If the Fluorosis is temperate, the lines become thicker, and if the Fluorosis is severe, it becomes extensive. It leads to blemishes and teeth become brown.
Apart from these factors, there are also some nutritional deficiencies that lead to teeth discoloration. The basic nutrients required for healthy teeth are calcium, vitamin C, vitamin D, and phosphate. If you don’t include these nutrients in your daily diet, your enamel lining can become uneven and thin at places, thus becoming weaker.
Aging is another factor for oral illnesses. As you get older, your teeth would start to get darker, and it’s natural.
If you are suffering from teeth discoloration and stains, you can easily remove by making use of teeth whitening. You can seek professional help, from a dentist, or get over-the-counter home teeth whitening kits, and do it at your home. These kits have specialized gels that can be put in trays and over your teeth. This can whiten your teeth. You can learn more about these procedures by consulting your dentist.

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