Tooth decay occurs when due to some problems the structure of tooth breaks down, and the tooth enamel develops cracks or fissures. It should be treated immediately, and if there are nay delays in the treatment, then the situation can get worse, and the problems can get to the deeper parts of the tooth, to the nerves and the tooth pulp. It is a critical situation and can cause pain. This can further lead to a number of gum problems, pain and inflammation.

Dental caries can occur at any age. Generally it affects the young children more as they are more inclined towards consuming sweets, and they also are generally negligent of oral hygiene. In some cases, nursing babies have been noticed having symptoms of tooth decay, and they are called ‘baby bottle caries’ or ‘nursing caries’. This generally happens when children are fed milk with a bottle and he sleeps with the bottle in his mouth. Due to the presence of milk in the mouth, germs start building up, and produce acids, which leads to cavities.

Truth about Tooth Decay or Dental Caries
  1. The most common cause of tooth decay is bad oral hygiene. If you do not maintain good oral hygiene, bacteria will start to cultivate in your mouth, which will not only produce bad breath, but also produce acids that will create holes in your enamel. This is the first stage of cavities.

  2. Second main cause is the excessive intake of sweet foods and beverages. Sweet foods tend to produce more acids than regular foods, and so is the case of in-between snacks you eat. Even potato chips create more acids, and these acids work on your teeth to create dental caries.

  3. Bad tooth fillings: When your tooth fillings wear out, they lead to exposed tooth interiors, thereby leading to the formation of dental cavities.

Tooth decay and caries generally affect these areas the most

  1. Tooth surface
  2. Pits between the teeth
  3. Teeth that have very tight spacing between them, as they are hard to clean
  4. Gum line
  5. Holes in the chewing surface

Signs and symptoms

The most common symptom of tooth decay is pain, and sensitivity. Whenever you consume something hot, or cold, you get a toothache. Although, the pain might not be great until later stages, and you might just feel tooth sensitivity during the early stages.

There are some other frequent symptoms when it comes to dental caries

  1. You may see holes or fissures in your teeth
  2. If you regularly visit your dentist, she will notice your cavities at an early stage.
  3. Cavities can result if you have tooth abscess. Tooth abscess is the condition when pus starts to build up due to bacterial action.
  4. If you have too much of plaque building up on your teeth, it might lead to cavities so be sure you keep a check on plaque built up.

You can prevent tooth decay by using simple methods and minor changes in your lifestyle. You can change your lifestyle by keeping good oral hygiene. Simple methods for good oral hygiene:

  1. Brushing: Brush your teeth at least twice a day. It is a good idea to brush after every meal. Select good toothpaste with fluoride content. Select a good toothbrush. You can select the electric one, but even as you go for the regular toothbrush, make sure it has soft bristles that do not harm your gums.

  2. Flossing: After brushing, make sure to floss your teeth to remove any food particles stuck between the teeth. There are wide varieties of flosses available in the market, in different types, colors and flavors.

  3. Mouthwash: It is a good practice to rinse your mouth with a mouthwash after brushing as it removes the bacteria that were left behind even after brushing.

Prevention is better than cure, so keep a healthy life style and avoid dental cavities.

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