A Complete Dental Glossary that Teaches You Different Dental Terminology and Dental Procedures:

Abrasion
Abrasion is a Tooth wear caused due to other than chewing. Example of this is like holding objects between the teeth. It can also be due to improper brushing.
 
Abutment
A tooth or implant which supports a dental prosthesis.
 
Alveolar bone:
The part of the jaw that surrounds the roots of the tooth.
 
Alveolar process
The curving part of the jaw into which the teeth are rooted.
 
Alveolus
The socket in the alveolar bone into which the tooth’s root fits.
 
Amalgam
It is an alloy used in direct dental restorations.
 
Apicoectomy:
This dental procedure is performed by an Endodontist and it involves removal of the tip of a tooth root.
Bitewing radiographs:
X-rays used to reveal the crowns of several upper and lower teeth as they bite down.
Bleaching:
It refers to whitening of teeth with a dental bleaching solution. It is a cosmetic dental procedure.
 
Bonding:
In dentistry it commonly refers to a composite resin, which is applied to a tooth to change its shape and/or color. Bonding also refers to a
dental filling, orthodontic appliance or some fixed partial dentures.
 
Calculus:
It refers to hard deposit of mineralized material deposited  to crowns and/or roots of teeth.
 
Cavity:
Dental decay caused due to caries. It is also referred to as carious lesion.
 
Clenching:
The clamping and pressing of the jaws and teeth together in centric occlusion, frequently associated with psychological stress or physical effort.
Dental Prophylaxis:
This is Scaling and polishing procedure performed by dental professional to remove coronal plaque, calculus, and stains.
 
Dental Prosthesis:
It refers to an artificial device that replaces one or more missing teeth.
 
Dentin:
That part of the tooth that is beneath enamel and cementum.
Excision:
Surgical removal of bone or tissue.
 
Extraction:
It refers to the process of removing a tooth or tooth parts.
 
Filling:
In dentistry it refers to restoring of lost tooth structure by using materials such as metal, alloy, plastic or porcelain.
 
Fixed Partial Denture:
A fixed partial denture is a prosthetic replacement of one or more missing teeth cemented or attached to the abutment teeth or implant abutments adjacent to the space.
 
Gingivitis:
Inflammation of gingival tissue without loss of connective tissue.
 
Implant:
Material inserted or grafted into tissue.
 
Lesion:
An injury or wound; area of diseased tissue.
 
Orthognathic Surgery:
Surgery performed to correct facial imbalances caused by abnormalities of the jaw bones.
 
Osseointegration:
The process by which bone heals around an implant.
 
Osteoplasty:
Surgical procedure that modifies the configuration of bone.
 
Osteotomy:
Surgical cutting of bone.
 
Overdenture:
A removable prosthetic device that overlies and may be supported by retained tooth roots or implants.
 
Periodontal:
Pertaining to the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth.
 
Periodontal Abscess:
An infection in the gum pocket that can destroy hard and soft tissues.
 
Periodontal Disease:
Inflammatory process of the gingival tissues and/or periodontal membrane of the teeth, resulting in an abnormally deep gingival sulcus, possibly producing periodontal pockets and loss of supporting alveolar bone.
 
Plaque:
A soft sticky substance that accumulates on teeth composed largely of bacteria and bacterial derivatives.
 
Pulpectomy:
Complete removal of vital and non vital pulp tissue from the root canal space.
 
Root Canal:
The portion of the pulp cavity inside the root of a tooth; the chamber within the root of the tooth that contains the pulp.

 

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